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Glossary - 0-9

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ANIME

The English term "animation" is written in Japanese katakana as アニメーション (animēshon), and is アニメ (Anime) in its shortened form.

In some places, the term Anime refers to Japanese Animation or Animation similar in style to Japanese Animation... but in Japan, Anime is the word they use for any animation.   This article is about animation from Japan and Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastic themes.

Anime differs from American animation not only in it's basic 'look', but in the range of its audiences and themes.   Unlike American cartoons, Anime is often made for adults, and often deal with more serious themes.

Anime and manga incorporate a multitude of genres such as romance, action, horror, comedy, drama and cover a wide variety of topics like teen suicides, high school rivalries, and social rebellion.

Described as a gateway for many fans that takes them to a whole new culture; Anime is used by some as a way to learn about Japan, and people who are avid devotees to Anime in the West often refer to themselves as Otaku - although in Japan the term has many negative connotations - and Anime fandom has become a sub-culture in its own right in the West.

GENRES:

Anime are often classified by target demographic, including kodomo (children's), shōjo (girls'), shounen (boys') and a diverse range of genres targeting an adult audience.

Shoujo and shounen anime sometimes contain elements popular with children of both sexes in an attempt to gain crossover appeal.

Adult Anime may feature a slower pace or greater plot complexity that younger audiences typically find unappealing, as well as adult themes and situations.

A subset of adult anime works feature pornographic elements and are labeled "R18" in Japan, but internationally these works are grouped together under the term hentai (Japanese for "pervert").

By contrast, a variety of anime sub-genres across demographic groups incorporate ecchi, sexual themes or undertones without depictions of sexual intercourse, as typified in the comedic or harem genres; due to its popularity among adolescent and adult Anime enthusiasts, incorporation of ecchi elements in Anime is considered a form of fan service.

Anime's genre classification is different from other types of animation and does not lend itself to simple identity.

Science fiction is another major Anime genre and includes important historical works like Tezuka's Astro Boy and Yokoyama's Tetsujin 28-go (aka Gigantor).

A major sub-genre of science fiction is Mecha, with the Gundam meta-series being iconic, though the labeling Gundam 0080 and its complex depiction of war as simply a "giant robot" Anime akin to simply labeling War and Peace a "war novel".

The diverse fantasy genre includes works based on Asian and Western traditions and folklore; examples include the Japanese feudal fairytale InuYasha, and the depiction of Scandinavian goddesses who move to Japan to maintain a computer called Yggdrasil in Oh My Goddess.

Genre crossing in Anime is also prevalent, such as the blend of fantasy and comedy in Dragon Half, and the incorporation of slapstick humour in the crime Anime 'Castle of Cagliostro'.

Other sub-genres found in anime include magical girl, harem, sports, martial arts, literary adaptations, medievalism, and war.

Genres have emerged that explore homosexual romances. While originally pornographic in terminology, yaoi (male homosexuality) and yuri (lesbianism) are broad terms used outside of Japan to describe any focus on the themes or development of romantic homosexual relationships.   Prior to 2000, homosexual characters were typically used for comedic effect, but more recent works portray these characters seriously and sympathetically.

But being a website primarily about Yanki and Bosozoku sub-cultures it would be extremely remiss of me not to make mention of the MANY Anime movies and series that are about, or at least feature, Bosozoku, as major characters.

Here's just a few Anime featuring Yanki and Bosozoku as major charcters to get you going...

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BEELZEBUB:
A delightfully absurd gag manga with liberal doses of action by Ryuhei Tamura, Beelzebub started out as a one-shot Manga before being serialized in Shonen Jump.

The plot consists mainly of Oga dealing with the problems of raising Baby Beel, while fighting his way through the ranks of demons and troublemakers he encounters, often to hilarious results.

The Anime adaptation began airing in Japan January 2011, ending in March 2012 with a total of 60 episodes.

The series airs with English subtitles on Animax Asia in Southeast Asia, although it is edited to cover Baby Beel's nudity with a diaper.

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CROMARTIE HIGH SCHOOL:
A bizarre High School comedy Anime and Manga series, set in a school populated by the "worst" delinquents in Japan.   Also known as Sakigake Cromartie Koukou.

The denizens of Cromartie are all about looking tough, acting tough, rumbles, fights and all that gangster stuff.   Mostly, they just talk a good game, and the action centers on Seinfeld-ian conversations, (very) weird stuff happening, and a plot about as coherent and logical as Excel Saga played backwards.

Even stranger than the delinquents themselves are the oddball creatures that wander the halls.   There's Mechazawa, who is a trashcan-like robot, but neither he nor his friends even seem to realize it; the protagonist hasn't worked up the courage to ask about it directly.

Cromartie's other students include aliens, monkeys, and some dude who is very obviously Freddie Mercury on a horse.   weird-ass stuff!

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OIRA SUKEBAN:
Oira Sukeban (おいら女蛮), sometimes called Sukeban Boy, is a Japanese manga created by Go Nagai in 1974.   It is a comedy with several erotic touches, where the protagonist Banji Suke (or Sukeban) has to disguise himself as a girl in order to be able to attend an all-female school.   As Suke Ban is a rebellious boy, this situation creates several comedic troubles.

The manga was adapted to an OVA in 1992 and was released by ADV Films in the US under the name Delinquent in Drag. The series has also been named by d/visual in Italy as La canaglia in minigonna.

It has also spawned two live-action movies, Oira Sukeban: Kessen! Pansutō (おいら女蛮 決戦!パンス党) in 1992 starring actor Shinji Takeda, and Oira Sukeban (usually known as Sukeban Boy) in 2006 starring AV idol Asami (亜紗美).

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SUKEBAN DEKA:
Sukeban Deka (aka Delinquent Girl Detective) began as a Japanese detective action shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Shinji Wada and serialized in Hana to Yume.

Sukeban Deka has been adapted into three live-action television series, a movie length made-for-TV special feature, an original video animation series and three feature films, the latest of which was released in 2006 as Yo-Yo Girl Cop.

In the Anime version of the saga, a young teenage delinquent, Saki Asamiya, is given a chance to delay her mother's execution by working as an undercover cop and infiltrating Takanoah High School to investigate some mysterious deaths among the student body.

Once there, she comes face-to-face with the powerful Mizuchi sisters, who moved in and have taken control after her previous expulsion.

The OVA pertains animation bearing similarities to the style of the 70's manga, particularly in the character designs. (See SUKEBAN DEKA - Franchise)

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ULTIMATE TEACHER:
Ultimate Teacher (恐怖のバイオ人間 最終教師 Kyōfun no Bio-Ningen - Saishū Kyōshi), based on a manga by Atsuji Yamamoto, is a 1988 nonsense-comedy OVA that tells us about Ganpachi Chabane, the "Ultimate Teacher" (who also happens to be a human-cockroach hybrid) who's hellbent on turning the worst high school in Kanto back to being a respectable school, even if it means breaking every student and wall by force, and Hinako Shiratori, the school's super strong gang leader who wants to keep the school just the way it is.

This escalates into a dirty battle for the school's leadership in which Ganpachi is ready to do anything to get rid of Hinako.   Things go even more overboard when a scientist from Ganpachi's past comes to fix the mistake he did long ago.

Thin on plot and heavy on ridiculous battles and weird jokes, this anime has to be seen to be believed.

At the moment of writing, you can find both the UK and US dubs (both quite different, the US dub being much closer to the Japanese dialog and the UK dub being more of a Gag Dub) (See http://www.youtube.com/user/UltimateTeacherOVA/videos)


There are literally hundreds - if not THOUSANDS - of other Anime that revolve around Yanki and Bosozoku as major characters, such as, Akira, Angel Densetsu, Bite Me! Chameleon, Cheeky Angel, Gokusen, Kyou Kara Ore Wa!!, Madonna, Rainbow: Nisha Rokubou no Shichinin, Shonan Junai Gumi, Tenshi na Konamaiki and To-Y to name but a few... I hope this quick sample should be enough to spark people's interest and inspire a few Google searches....

ENJOY!






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